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I know she is gone to meet her creator and I pray that the Almighty God would receive her as a reward for the good things she has done on earth. The first son of late Madam Fisisi, Mr. It is one name that put me on notice that it is the sky that operates as a limit to the height of success. Otherwise what could a disadvantaged child achieve in life if he has no caring mother.

I grew up under her vigilant watch and learnt that good name is better than riches. I did learn from her that I must not have respect of evil riches but I should rather maintain a consistent contempt for evil and corrupt practices. What else would the best mother ever teach a male child that my mother, Madam Florence Owitubo Fisisi, did not teach me? I have checked and have not found one. Ironically, she had no western education yet she knew the importance of research.

One of the daughters of Late Madam Fisisi, Mrs. I am proud to be her first daughter of course; the only thing I will do for her is to ensure that I pass what she taught me to my generation. She taught me how to love everyone that I got in contact with, irrespective of interpersonal character differences. You demonstrated this to me when I discovered that so many children that never had a common ancestral foundation with me lived and grew up with me under her motherly care.

For Mrs. Her principle was that she will never sleep for a night with sadness. August 28, Leave a Comment Cancel reply.

Search for:. Many of these foods involve fish and other seafoods such as clams, oysters and periwinkles; yams and plantains.

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Some of these foods are:. Onunu; made with pounded yams and boiled overripe plantains mostly enjoyed by the Okrikans [9]. Formerly organized into several loose clusters of villages confederacies which cooperated to defend themselves against outsiders, the Ijaw increasingly view themselves as belonging to a single coherent nation, bound together by ties of language and culture. This tendency has been encouraged in large part by what are considered to be environmental degradations that have accompanied the exploitation of oil in the Niger delta region which the Ijaw call home, as well as by a revenue sharing formula with the Nigerian Federal government that is viewed by the Ijaw as manifestly unfair.

IV. Some special forms

The resulting sense of grievance has led to several high-profile clashes with the Nigerian Federal authorities, including kidnappings and in the course of which many lives have been lost. The Ijaw people are resilient and proud. Long before after the colonial era, the Ijaw people traveled by wooded boats and canoes to Cameroun, Ghana and other West African countries. They traveled up the River Niger from River Nun. One manifestation of ethnic violence on the part of the Ijaw has been an increase in the number and severity of clashes between Ijaw militants and those of Itsekiri origin, particularly in the town of Warri.

Celebrating the Dead in Kalabari Land by Braide & Sonny Oko

Deadly conflicts had rocked the South-South region, especially in Delta State, where intertribal killings had resulted in death in both sides. Several Itsekiri villages, including Gbokoda, Udo, Ajamita, Obaghoro and Ayerode-Zion on the Benin river axis, were razed down while several Itsekiris lost their lives. In it, long-held Ijaw concerns about the loss of control of their homeland and their own lives to the oil companies were joined with a commitment to direct action.

In the declaration, and in a letter to the companies, the Ijaws called for oil companies to suspend operations and withdraw from Ijaw territory. Soldiers entering the Bayelsa state capital of Yenagoa announced they had come to attack the youths trying to stop the oil companies. On the morning of December 30, , two thousand young people processed through Yenagoa, dressed in black, singing and dancing.

Soldiers opened fire with rifles, machine guns, and tear gas, killing at least three protesters and arresting twenty-five more. After a march demanding the release of those detained was turned back by soldiers, three more protesters were shot dead including Nwashuku Okeri, Ghadafi Ezeifile and Onwinkron Ibe.

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The head of Yenagoa rebels- Chief Onwinkron Ibe- was burned alive in his mansion on December 28, Amongst his family members to flee the premises before complete ruins was his only son, Desmond Ibe. The military declared a state of emergency throughout Bayelsa state, imposed a dusk-to-dawn curfew, and banned meetings.

At military roadblocks, local residents were severely beaten or detained. At night, soldiers invaded private homes, terrorizing residents with beatings and women and girls with rape. Bright Pablogba , the traditional leader of Ikiyan, who came to the river to negotiate with the soldiers, was shot along with a seven-year-old girl and possibly dozens of others.


Of the approximately 1, people living in the two villages, four people were found dead and sixty-two were still missing months after the attack. The same soldiers set the villages ablaze, destroyed canoes and fishing equipment, killed livestock, and destroyed churches and religious shrines. Nonetheless, Operation Climate Change continued, and disrupted Nigerian oil supplies through much of by turning off valves through Ijaw territory.

In the context of high conflict between the Ijaw and the Nigerian Federal Government and its police and army , the military carried out the Odi massacre , killing scores if not hundreds of Ijaws. Recent actions by Ijaws against the oil industry have included both renewed efforts at nonviolent action and militarized attacks on oil installations but with no human casualties to foreign oil workers despite hostage-takings.

These attacks are usually in response to non-fulfilment by oil companies of memoranda of understanding with their host communities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , related reading or external links , but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Ijaw languages. Main article: Warri Crisis. Main article: Nigerian Oil Crisis. Shoup Retrieved Encyclopedia of Africa. Oxford University Press.

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