See also: What can I do with an Accounting degree?
Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
What can I do with a Mathematics degree? Public accountants generally advance within their first two years, and become senior management with a few more years. Some accountants will advance to a management or partner position, start their own accounting firm, or transfer to executive positions in management accounting or internal auditing in private firms. Management accountants can advance through the ranks of an organization and become anything from an accounting manager, to financial vice president or chief financial officer, or even a company president.
It is not uncommon for public accountants, management accountants, and internal auditors to transfer into one another's field to find advancement opportunities. Education and certification requirement for real estate appraisers and real estate assessors vary greatly. It's possible to begin a real estate appraiser career or a real estate assessor career with a high school diploma, but most employers require additional basic appraisal courses, on-the-job training through an apprenticeship, and enough work hours to meet requirements for appraisal licenses or certificates.
However, most real estate appraisers for residential properties have at least an associate's degree, while most real estate appraisers for commercial properties have at least a bachelor's degree. Real estate appraisers and real estate assessors must have a license, but requirements for licensure vary for each state. In the few states that do not have statewide requirements, each locality sets its own requirements.
30 Highest (and Lowest) Paying Jobs in Accounting - Online Accounting Degree Programs
Most real estate appraisers are required by Federal law to have a state certification. Real estate appraisers and real estate assessors generally take the same courses and tests for certification. Real estate assessors do not have Federal requirements for certification. However, the states requiring certification of assessors generally have similar requirements of real estate appraisers.
Real estate appraisers and real estate assessors must take continuing education courses to maintain their license. Nobody wants to get ripped off when purchasing a property; real estate appraisers and real estate assessors conduct research on properties and estimate their value prior to a sale, mortgage, tax, insurance, or development.
Real estate appraisers focus on one property at a time and usually specialize in either commercial or residential properties. Commercial appraisers concentrate on commercially used property, such as office buildings, stores, and hotels. Residential appraisers concentrate on places people live, such as houses, duplexes, and condominiums.
A real estate appraiser career includes determining the value of a property after visiting the home and considering comparable home sales, lease records, location, view, previous appraisals, and income potential. Real estate assessors, generally employed by local governments, determine the value of properties for property tax assessment purposes. Real estate assessors often focus on groups of properties, such as a neighborhood, all at once, using mass appraisal techniques. Real estate assessors must be meticulous in their calculations and up-to-date on tax assessment procedures, in order to defend their assessment if challenged.
What can I do with a History degree? Typically, people seeking a budget analyst career need at least a bachelor's degree, although some employers require a master's degree. A variety of degrees may satisfy the education requirement for a budget analyst position, such as a bachelor's degree accounting , finance , business , public administration , economics , statistics , political science , or sociology. Some organizations require new budget analysts to work a complete budget cycle one year for training.
Budget analysts may also continue taking professional development classes throughout their career. Budget analysts working for the government may earn the Certified Government Financial Manager credential from the Association of Government Accountants. This certification requires a bachelor's degree, 24 credit hours of financial management study, 2 years of professional-level experience in governmental financial management, and passing scores on a series of exams. Maintaining the certification requires 80 hours of continuing education every 2 years.
If you have an eagle eye for detail and love working with numbers, chances are you'd make a great budget analyst. Budget analysts are major contributors to aiding companies, governments, and universities in organizing their finances. Budget analysts, along with project managers, develop a business' budget and monitor it extremely closely at all times to assure the business stays on track with the budget.
Budget analysts may suggest budget cuts in certain areas or redistribution of budgets and they may award more money in an area. When budget analysts find discrepancies in a budget, they must thoroughly explain those discrepancies, as well as help develop a plan to correct them. Budget analysts also estimate, as accurately as possible, future budget needs. A budget analyst career includes reviewing all budget proposals for accuracy and compliance with laws and regulations and carefully reviewing each funding request and determining if it's necessary.
A budget analyst career may include using cost-benefit analyses in reviewing financial requests, assessing program tradeoffs, and exploring funding alternatives. See also: What can I do with a Mathematics degree? Budget analysts may work their way up from the limited responsibilities of an entry-level analyst to an intermediate or senior budget analyst position.
Claims adjusters adjustors , appraisers, examiners, and investigators need at least a high school diploma or equivalent. However, some employers seek claims adjusters with a bachelor's degree, insurance-related work experience, or vocational training. Most auto damage appraisers have completed a 2-year program in auto body repair or work experience identifying and estimating damage in an auto repair shop.
They receive on-the-job training from a more experienced appraiser for several months until the employer determines the new appraiser is ready to handle claims on his own. Education requirements vary widely depending on the individual's chosen focus within this career field. For instance, those focused on claims of financial loss due to strikes or merchandise damage benefit from a business or accounting background.
An insurance claims adjuster focused on industrial claims benefits most from college training in architecture or engineering.
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A claims adjuster focused on worker's compensation and product liability claims benefits most from a legal background. A medical background helps claims adjusters focused on medical and life insurance claims. Insurance investigators typically need a high school diploma or equivalent. Businesses tend to hire insurance investigators with prior experience as law enforcement officers, private investigators, claims adjusters, or examiners for their interviewing and interrogation skills.
Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigator all begin with small claims and work with a more experienced individual. Gradually, they are assigned larger claims and given more independent work as they gain experience. Licensing requirements for claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators vary by state. In some cases, a claims adjuster working for an insurance company can simply work under the company license, rather than obtaining a personal license.
States requiring licenses also require continuing education credits each year.
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Claims adjusters can meet this requirement through attending classes, workshops, writing articles for claims publications, or by giving lectures and presentations. They review all insurance claims and decide if an insurance company must pay a claim, and if so, how much. Insurance claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators closely review and settle insurance claims, determining how much of a claim the insurance company should cover. In order to fully investigate claims and avoid fraud, insurance claims adjusters contact doctors, employers, and legal counsel for additional information and questions regarding claims.
Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners and investigators also authorize payments and keep all claims files on record. Claims adjusters may work for companies or as self-employed public adjusters.
What Can I Do with An Accounting Degree Besides Accounting?
Some self-employed claim adjusters work for individuals not interested in working with the insurance company's claim adjuster. Not all insurance companies keep an insurance claims adjusters on staff; rather, they may hire self-employed claims adjusters as needed. An insurance claims adjuster career includes inspecting property home, business or automobile and determining the amount of money insurance companies should pay for the loss.
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An insurance claims adjuster career also includes gathering detailed information and pictures surrounding the claim, which they compile into a report used by a claims examiner when evaluating and settling the claim. A claims examiner career involves reviewing claims to assure claimants and adjusters have followed the guidelines. Claims examiners usually work for life or health insurance companies. An appraiser career involves estimating the value of an insured item. Auto damage appraisers are the most common appraisers.
An insurance investigator career includes investigating claims insurance companies suspects as fraudulent or criminal. Individuals interested in a cost estimator career typically need a bachelor's degree in an industry-related field. Common degrees for cost estimators include mathematics , building science, construction management, engineering , physical sciences , statistics , finance , business , economics , or accounting. Cost estimators need work experience in the field they plan to perform cost estimating.
Cost estimators usually begin their career by shadowing a more experienced cost estimator for a few months to a few years, depending on the complexity of the type of estimating being trained for and the company's specifications. Every company has unique preferences a cost estimator must learn and meet.
Although not all companies require a certified cost estimator, certifications are available and recommended.
Cost estimator certification requires a minimum of two years work experience and passing a written exam. Some cost estimator certifications also require having an article published. You wouldn't commit to a job without knowing how much it pays, would you? For the same reasons, businesses won't commit to big projects without knowing how much it will cost; this is where a cost estimator comes in. Cost estimators collect and analyze data necessary for accurately estimated time, money, resources, manufacturing, and labor needed for a project's completion.
Cost estimator careers include traveling to sites for data collection, working directly with various industry experts, such as general contractors, engineers, architects, or owners and reading blueprints and technical documents. Cost estimator careers involve using computer software when preparing estimates. Cost estimators also evaluate a product's cost efficiency and offer solutions for making the product more cost effective.
The two most common types of cost estimator careers include construction cost estimators, who work with construction companies on projects, and manufacturing cost estimators, who estimate costs of designing, making, and redesigning products and services. Some financial analyst jobs may require a bachelor's degree, such as a Bachelor of Accounting degree , Bachelor of Business Administration degree , or a Bachelor of Finance degree.